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7 Facts about Treating Opioid Addiction in People with Chronic Pain

7 Facts about Treating Opioid Addiction in People with Chronic Pain
7 Facts about Treating Opioid Addiction in People with Chronic Pain

Opioids are prescribed drugs that are given to people to get relief from severe pain. There are a few types of pains that this drug is prescribed by medical practitioners like toothaches, pain from surgeries and injuries and even under some chronic health conditions like cancers.

As per expert and renowned dietician and health advisor Sheela Seharawat of Diet Clinic, opioids are safe when they are administered in the correct manner, but the problem happens when the drug is not administered as per the instructions of the prescriber and misused. It is also a fact that the drug is bought over the counter and consumed and people land up getting addicted to it.

What is this addiction of Opioid all about?

The biggest problem using Opioid is that its pleasurable effect makes people getting addicted to it. And as Best dietitian in Delhi says, addiction is a type of diseases that affects and changes our behavior by affecting and changing the way our brain functions. It is the brain that gets affected first because Opioid works by impacting the quantum of pain signals that is send the by the body to the brain. It works by reducing and controlling the number of these signals.

Opioid addiction is a substance abuse and its symptoms could be both – physiological and psychological.

While treating opioid addiction in people with chronic pain, there are certain facts that you need to know, and these are:

  1. Who all can develop opioid dependency?

Opioid addiction is such that it can affect anyone without discriminating his or her age or sex or any other factor. In particular it has been found that opioid affects more who:

  •  Have background or history of substance abuse.
  • Youngsters, teens and young adults.
  • Are always stressed because of some reason or the other.
  • Have been under trails because of some legal issues.
  • Comes in contact with others who already are addicted to some form of drugs.
  • Face severe depression and anxiety issues.
  • Use tobacco heavily.
  1. Understand the probable causes of Opioid addiction

Opioid drug directly affects our brain and creates artificial endorphins. These endorphins, along with block the pain makes you feel good. Using the drug over a period of time makes the brain getting depending on these artificial endorphins and slowly it stops producing its own. This further leads to growing tolerance and you need more of it to have the same feel good effect.

  1. Identify the symptoms of opioid addiction

If you or someone close to you is taking the drug, it is an important fact that you know the signs and symptoms of its addiction too, and these are:

  • Getting intense urges to have it
  • Going blank when you need the drug
  • Taking it without any reason and prescription
  • Borrowing the drug from others
  • Repeatedly changing doctors and prescriptions to get it
  • Increase dosage with passing time
  • Staying aloof most of the time and avoid social and recreational interactions and activities
  • Do all sort of things like stealing and borrowing money to get the drug
  • Involve is unnatural activities under its influence
  1. Treating opioid addiction

There are a number of ways to treat opioid addiction and these involve:

  • Medication: using alternative drugs to opioid that works on the brain but does not make you addictive and makes you feel high. These drugs do not help in withdrawal of opioid but removes the feeling of high that you get.
  • Counseling: Consulting a counselor can help you attach to a group or individual who will keep you engaged and helps you recover out of the addiction.
  • Therapy: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, also termed as CBT is an effective therapy that is mainly used to treat people with addiction. It is a type of coning or talk therapy that help you overcome the negative patterns and think positively towards life.
  1. Opioid overdose

Opioid overdose can make you unresponsive, disturb your breathing, slow or no pulse rate, drooping eyes and actions and induce vomiting. Such conditions need immediate medical action. Many practitioners who prescribe Opioid, also prescribes a nasal spray called naloxone, just for such purposes.

  1. Developing drug tolerance

Drug tolerance, as the name suggest, is developing tolerance to a drug and its certain quantity. As you keep using the drug, the brain develops tolerance to a particular dosage and you start needing more to get relief from the pain.

  1. Developing drug dependence

Dependency on a drug is all about the body changing conditions when the drug has not been administered or taken for a long period of time. When you withdraw the drug from your body, you experience withdrawal symptoms which could be somewhere between mild to serious.

The most common of these symptoms being vomiting, nausea, chills, shaking of hands and legs, pain, the feeling of depression and anxiety. Disturbed sleep pattern and fatigue.